Geography of Kham - Geography of Kham


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 intowestchina >> China Tour Packages >> Kham Exploration Tour >> Geography of Kham
 Snow Mountains and lake at Eastern margin of Tibet Plateau
 Kham attraction Shushan Minya Konka
 Kham attraction Lithang Gaocheng town
 Kham attraction Bitahai Lake Baishui Terrace
 Kham attraction Dege Gengqing Town
 011 Mugecuo Scenic Area
 009 Kangding Capital of Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
 008 Hailuogou National Glacier Park
 006 The Siguniang Mountain (Four Girls Mountain)
 004 "The King of Mountains in Sichuan" - Gongga Mountain
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Kangding is a fairly big town nestled in a steep river valley at the confluence of the swift Zheduo and Yala Rivers, known as the Dar and Tse in Tibetan. If you're en route to western Sichuan, chances are you'll end up overnighting here and it's worth staying for a day to take in the sights and check out some of this dreamy scenery. Towering above Kangding is the mighty peak of Gongga Mountain (7556 m).

Arriving in Kangding, there is a tangible sense that you've reached the end of the Han Chinese world and the beginning of the Tibetan. The town has been a trade center between the two cultures of r centuries with the exchange of yak hides, wool, Tibetan herbs and, especially, bricks of tea from Ya'an wrapped in yak hide. It also served as an important staging post on the road to Lhasa, as indeed it does today. Kangding was historically the capital of the local Tibetan kingdom of Chakla and later, from 1939 to 1951, the capital of the short-lived province of Xikang.

In Kangding, you'll still see plenty of Khambas down from the hills shopping or selling huge blocks of yak butter in the market, and spot monks wandering around town in crimson robes.

Kangding's biggest annual festival is on the 8th day of the 4th month of the Chinese calendar, and features activities on Racehorse Hill, plus ten days of street fair that fills up the whole town. In Kangding you should drop in on the Kangding Nationalities Handicraft Workshop , located on the same street as the bus station, on the opposite side, a few minutes' walk toward the center of town. They have a small showroom downstairs; go upstairs to see craftsmen at work making traditional Tibetan jewelry, household items such as tea churns, and Buddhist ritual items.

While staying in Kangding town, you can stretch your legs on Guoda Mountain , a good warm-up if you're planning serious trekking or climbing later on.

A good, calming place to hang out and find English-speaking locals is the Jiangshan Tea Garden. It's run by Mr. Ang Luo, who lived in the U.K. for a while and speaks pretty good English. He has email and you can write him at . To find his tea house, as you exit the big Kangding Binguan (hotel) go out past the monastery on your left, and make a left turn onto the big street paralleling the river (do not cross the river). Walk down for about ten minutes until you come to a really big street coming in from the left. On the corner on your left hand is the tea garden, which is reached by going into the lobby of a fairly anonymous looking building and making a sharp right turn once inside.

Attractions around Kangding

Nanwu Lamasery is the most active lamasery in the area with around 80 lamas in residence. Set in the west of town on the northern bank of the river, it affords good views of Kangding and the valley. Walk south along the main road, following its bend to the left for 2 km. Cross the bridge at the southern end of town and continue on 300 m. Next to a walled Han Chinese cemetery is a dirt path that follows a stream uphill to the lamasery.

You can also visit Anjue Lamasery which is a fairly quiet temple with several monks and a few old prayer wheels. The temple is located behind Gonggashan Lushe.


About 110 km northwest of Kangding lie the Tagong Grassland, a vast expanse of green meadow surrounded by snow-capped peaks and dotted with Tibetan herdsmen and tents. An annual horse racing festival features thousands of local Tibetan herdsmen and Tibetan opera.

The small village of Tagong is a fantastic place to visit if you want to get a taste of Sichuan's Tibetan Wild West. In the village, Tagong Lamasery blends Han Chinese and Tibetan styles and dates back to the Qing Dynasty.

A 15-yuan bus ride from Kangding City (Dartsendo) gets you to Tagong (Lhagang) which is a very wild-west kind of Khampa town with a sacred mountain, a college of Buddhism (the largest in Sichuan) and a huge Sakyapa monastery. At the college you might run into a Hong Kong Chinese who is studying here and knows a lot about the area. Tagong's facilities are primitive--forget about hot showers. There is a guest house in the government compound on the west side of the highway in the town's center. Dorje Tashi Rinpoche runs a model orphanage nearby; they are glad for visitors; to find it, look for a new, ornate gate leading into a compound with a tall new building on the right side. If you planned ahead and picked up a few toys or kid's books in Kangding, they will be thrilled to receive them.

From Tagong town there are trails heading off in various directions to different pasture lands. Circumambulation of Zhara Mountain takes somewhere between 10 and 30 days, depending on who you ask. One can trek from here to Mo Ge Tso (a lake north of Kangding City) in probably two days--they are planning to put a road through, so trek now while you still can.

Mugecuo Lake

There are several mountain lakes and hot springs in the vicinity of Kangding. Lying 21 km to the north of town up the Yala Valley, Mugecuo Lake is one of the highest lakes in northwestern Sichuan, at 3700 m. Local also boast that it's one of the most beautiful lakes. Trails around the lake lead to other smaller lakes such as the Red Sea and Seven Color Lake.

Mo Ge Tso Lake is such a popular destination that they have made the area into a park, complete with ticket sellers at the entrance. That said, it's still worth it. Don't stop at the lower lake (where the crowds are) but keep on going to the upper lake, which has beautiful sand bars and pristine scenery. There are now public buses to Mo Ge Tso, or you could hire a taxi. If the road connecting the lower and upper lakes is in bad shape, you will need to walk about an hour and a half. There is a very lovely hotspring pond between them--not so good for bathing but the waters of two springs are said to be good for the stomach and eyes respectively. From Mo Ge Tso you can trek 1-2 days past the south flank of Zhara Latse mountain to Tagong.

About 30 minutes by bus uphill from Kangding City is a hamlet called Zeduo Tang . From here starts a very well-used trail that crosses the river and heads up a valley toward some snowy mountains. According to Andre Migot, who traveled this way in 1947, this trail is the old caravan trail by which all traffic headed out of Kangding before the highway existed. It starts by some farmhouses about 500 meters of switchbacks past the place where you see a Zeduo Tang signboard by the side of the highway. Theoretically you could walk all the way across Kham from here. One nice 2-3 day hike that starts here goes to Jiagenba. When you get back there are some seedy hotspring baths at Zeduo Tang, and a couple of small restaurants. The baths are not as nice as those in Kangding City at Erdaoqiao, but make a nice finish to a long hike.

Elsewhere in Kangding County is Hailougou --a glacier park at the foot of Gongga Shan that's very popular with Chinese tourists. It makes a great starting point for treks in the Gongga Shan region.

For the really adventurous, you can try to get to Kazhi Gonpa (Gao'er Si in Chinese). This is a collection of 200-year-old stone buildings deep in a valley with about 100 monks, Sakyapa. To get there, take the bus toward Yajiang. The bus takes about four hours to go over Tsedo La, pass through the town of Xinduqiao, and climb through forest to another pass. Just at the pass, look for a dirt road leaving the main highway going left. Get off the bus here. A little ways in on this dirt road you will have a spectacular view of Gongga Shan--IF the weather is clear. Walk about 1 km to Kazhi Monastery, which is only just barely in Kangding County. The monks will be utterly amazed to see you. Bring some food and compensate for lodging with a cash donation to the monastery.

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