Ili Travel Guide
Area: 350,000 square kilometers (135,136 square miles)
Nationalities: Han, Kazak, Uygur, Hui
Administrative Division: 1 autonomous county (Qapqal Xibe); 7 counties (Gulja, Korgas, Tokkuztara, Kvnes, Monglkvre, Tekes, Nilka,); 2 county-level cities (Gulja, Kuytun) ; 2 regions (Qoqek, Altay)
Useful Telephone Numbers:
Tourist Complaints: 0999-8028697
Weather Forecast: 121
Postal Code Inquiry: 184
Bank of China: 0999-8220347
Location: Lying at the north foot of the Tianshan Mountain, Ili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture is in the west of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, bounded on the northeast by Russia and Mongolia, on the west by Kazakhstan.
History: The Ili River gave birth to the primitive civilization of this area. In 552, the Tujue (a nomadic tribe living in the Altai Mountains) established the Turk Khan Kingdom on the river bank. The orbit of the central government entered Ili in Tang Dynasty (618-907). It was given the name of Ili in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) for the Ili River, and run as the political and military center of Xinjiang.
Physical Features: Ili is located in the heart of Central Asia. The Tianshan Mountains, the Altai Mountains, the Poluokenu Mountains, the Junggar Basin and the Monglkvre-Tekes Basin make up the main landforms of Ili, along with the Ili River, the Erqis River and their valleys.
Climatic Features: The prefecture enjoys a cool, temperate, semi-arid, continental climate. Owing to the vast expanse of land, there are also microclimate features in different regions. Generally, Ili's summers are short and the winters, long. The temperature varies greatly between day and night. The temperature in spring rises rapidly but unstably, while the autumn temperatures drop rapidly.
When to Go: Summer and autumn are the best time in Ili. The pastures are verdant. Melons and fruits are ripe. Notable is the sunset in Ili River. It is the favorite of many photographers.
Special Local Products: lavender, black currant,
Scenic Spots: is one of the most beautiful scenic spots in Xinjiang. The terrain is steep and wildlife ranges up and down the gorge.
Sayram Lake: is the largest and highest alpine lake in Xinjiang. Surrounded by the vast verdant grassland, it is a stunning attraction definitely worth visiting.
Nalati Grassland: is one of the four largest alpine meadows in the world.
Kanas Lake: is a mysterious lake, attracting numerous visitors, not only for its enthralling scenery and clear water, but also for the enchanting legend about the monster in the lake.
1. Yining Airport is only 5 kilometers (3 miles) from downtown Gulja City, operating flights to Urumqi and Kashgar.
2. Kazak is the largest ethnic minority of Ili, and the Kazaks are hospitable. Visitors should be sure to see their traditional food and costumes.